The Scent of Attraction: How do Pheromones Work?
Roxanne Rhoads, Yahoo! Contributor Network
Feb 3, 2006 (Excerpt by Athena Institute)
Review the 2002 independent study on Athena Pheromone 10:13tm for Women, published in Physiology and Behavior click here
Review the 1998 study on Athena Pheromone 10Xtm for Men, published in Archives of Sexual Behavior click here
You have probably heard of pheromones and possibly seen the advertisements for them in magazines or online but do you know what they really are or how they work?
Pheromone research has been extensive in the animal kingdom. Animal and insect pheromones are even used in pest control products to lure insects into traps or to repel other insects or animals from coming into a certain territory. The concept of human pheromones has been debated and researched for years.
Dr. Winnifred Cutler (click for bio), a biologist and behavioral endocrinologist is one of the leading researchers on human pheromones. She has linked pheromones to effects on women's menstrual cycles and fertility. She did a study using a commercial pheromone called Athena 10:13 (click here for product details), which she developed. Seventy-four percent of those studied experienced increases in hugging, kissing, and sexual intercourse.
(Editor's note: Dr. Cutler does not believe the VNO is the receptor site for sex-attractant pheromones in humans.)
So how do pheromones work? Scientists have found that pheromones are detected through the Vomeronasal Organ in the nose. Scientists have discovered that the nasal receptors mainly found near the entrance of the nose had the strongest reaction to air containing pheromones; this is where the vomeronasal organ is located. The pheromones travel through the nose and stimulate the hypothalamus in the cortex of the brain. This is the area of the brain that produces emotion and emotional response.
Pheromones are subconsciously detected and elicit an internal sexual response. The pheromones send a signal to the hypothalamus to elicit emotions such as attraction, sexual desire, and arousal. Men secrete the pheromone Androstenone to attract women and women secrete Androstenol to attract men. Though in today's super clean and hygienic society we often wash away all of our natural scent. In the animal world pheromones still dictate sexual behavior and response. Humans have lost much of that, though the new pheromone products on the market are supposed to help.
Dr. Cutler's studies show that pheromones are still very important to humans especially women. Her studies even show that men are good for women's health (who knew?). The chemicals in a man's body can cause their sexual partners to be more fertile, have more regular menstrual cycles, and milder symptoms of menopause (for more menopause research click here).
More studies are being done to see how pheromones can impact and help those who are having fertility problems.
END OF EXCERPT
COMMENT FROM ATHENA INSTITUTE: Both Athena Pheromone 10:13tm for women and Athena Pheromone 10Xtm for men are cosmetics that can increase your attractiveness to the opposite sex. Neither product is an “aphrodisiac.”